In 2021, the top ten breakthrough technologies will include
We took Bill Gates’ list, divided it into categories, and now we’re giving you a bird’s eye perspective of what he thinks the future holds. The top ten list’s names were preserved precisely as Bill Gates named them.
Gates has chosen the ten technical breakthroughs that will have the greatest impact on humanity’s future. Naturally, healthcare is involved in a large number of them.
All of those technological advances will ultimately alter our world.
Since the beginning of agriculture, around 11,000 BC, mankind has grappled with the question:
How can we defeat famine?
Yup! Food scarcity is a monster you don’t think about when you get home from grocery shopping and stuff your fridge to the point where it barely shuts.
But what do we do when the world’s population is approaching ten billion? Because, you know, that’s the prediction for 2050.
To make matters more complicated, the more people who are able to leave poverty, the more meat they consume.
Meat production is one of the most serious issues now facing the world. And it is here that technical advances appear:
The burger that isn’t made with cow’s milk
Here’s a challenge for you:
What is the relationship between meat production, fossil fuels, and climate change?
Animal husbandry consumes a significant amount of energy.
Why? Crops are grown and delivered to animals. Following that, the animals are taken to slaughterhouses. Their bodies are then transferred somewhere.
Deforestation and the release of methane into the atmosphere are additional consequences of meat production.
According to Gates, the proportion of individuals who are very poor has decreased dramatically in the past 30 years. In 1990, 36% of the world’s population lived in severe poverty.
Poverty has been reduced to 9% of the world population.
We must additionally consider the following:
The average life expectancy has risen from 34 years in 1913 to 78.99 years in 2021, a staggering increase.
If this happens in the future:
There are more people on the globe now than ever before.
having a greater chance of living longer
… the number of those who are barely scraping by is decreasing
Then we’re back to the 11,000 BC question.
How are we going to feed all of these people?
And, more precisely, protein?
The excess of vegetarians and vegans cannot possibly meet the demand for an alternative to animal protein. (You guys did a great job, however!)
Gates is working to address the issue of malnutrition.
For the aim of supplying meat for the world’s population, scientists developed the following revolutionary technology:
What exactly is lab-meat?
Clean meat, sometimes known as lab-grown meat, is a replacement for animal meat that is essentially produced from cells in a lab.
It’s cruelty-free and environmentally friendly. It utilises a lot less land, water, and energy than traditional methods. To most people, getting beyond the idea that it’s not actual flesh seems tough. However, in view of the increasing population, that seems to be a viable option.
Companies like Just are experimenting with fake meat manufacturing, which will eventually result in the creation of tonnes of product. All of this is done without causing environmental damage or animal suffering. There’s also the fact that lab-grown beef is disease-free and completely clean.
That seems a lot better than eating insects, doesn’t it? The manufacturing of bug-based food is also increasing. It was already valued approximately $1 billion in 2019. It will reach a market size of $8 billion by 2030. It is a cost-effective and sustainable source of protein.
Let us now turn our attention to the portion of Bill Gates’ technical innovations:
Healthcare will account for four of the top ten technical advances in 2021.
Gates’ decision was not an easy one. It’s no surprise that he utilised almost half of his ten slots for healthcare advances. His charity spends the majority of its time researching ailments, eliminating diseases, and making people healthy in general.
The four take many forms – gadgets, diagnostics, and medication – and will undoubtedly affect the lives of millions of people.
These four medical discoveries are really game-changing:
An electrocardiogram (ECG) on your wrist
There were the fitness devices initially. They served as pedometers and kept track of calories burned.
Together, new technology and healthcare made a step ahead in the health sector, resulting in a handful of distinct breakthroughs.
These gadgets essentially keep track of your vital indicators. They turn on the electricity in the patients’ wrists, allowing them to go about their daily lives without having to see the doctor.
The development of such gadgets was a huge step forward in healthcare.
Many individuals appreciate the advantages of wearing them on their wrists. Sure, they tell the time. They do, however, take your blood pressure and pulse. Some of them also monitor glucose levels and may be life-changing for diabetics.
While waiting for the train, you may obtain an ECG in less than a minute or check your blood sugar levels.
After that, we’ll look at the infant section:
It’s not a subject we hear much about, but it needs to be discussed.
One of the major causes of mortality in children under the age of five is premature birth. It will be a game-changer for medicine to be able to anticipate them.
How many infants are born before their due date?
Approximately one out of every ten infants is delivered in this manner. Premature birth is defined as a birth that occurs more than three weeks before the due date. Half of women who give birth prematurely have no symptoms.
The good news is that scientists have developed a simple blood test that may indicate whether or not a preterm birth is a possibility. Today, you can even buy a DNA test kit to check whether you’re genetically susceptible to certain diseases. This revolutionary technological advancement has the potential to save millions of lives.
The test detects women who are at risk by measuring the amounts of certain proteins. Once the danger has been identified, steps are made to extend the pregnancy. This increases the child’s chances of survival.
The third item on the healthcare priority list is:
A pill with a gut probe
Environmental enteropathy is the illness in issue. Also known as tropical enteropathy or environmental enteric dysfunction (EED).
Intestinal infections are to blame.
Although few people have heard of this illness, it is quite common in low-income areas.
Medical personnel will be able to detect and treat EED thanks to a new technique developed by scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. The procedure entails putting a pill-like device into the patient’s stomach and connecting it to a tiny wire. The gadget, which is powered by the cable, is swallowed, and it then examines the intestines and can even take a sample.
After the gadget has completed its task, it is removed. Guillermo Tearney, the creator, says it does not cause vomiting or any other unpleasant sensations.
This cutting-edge technique is thought to be much more successful than the traditional endoscope through the throat. The pill-in-the-gut technique is simple to employ with endoscopes. The gadget is easily disinfected and may be used again and again.
Medical personnel will also be able to determine when and how to act using the new technique. Medical personnel may then assess the disease’s aetiology and therapy once the test is completed.
Finally, but certainly not least:
Personalized Cancer Vaccines
This vaccination is used as a therapy rather than a preventative measure. Each instance has a unique target and is tailored to a certain tumour.
Humanity has battled illnesses for millennia and finally developed vaccinations. Diseases like smallpox now only exist in labs because to that world-changing discovery. Polio, measles, rubella, and mumps vaccines have saved millions of lives.
Cancer is the next stage!
Any cancer strain may possibly benefit from the custom-made cancer vaccine.
What is the mechanism of action of the vaccine?
The procedure is as follows:
A tiny portion of the tumour is excised and sent to the lab after surgery. They separate it into three separate parts. The first is examined for DNA in order to determine the tumor’s mutations. The second section contains information regarding RNA. It reveals which portions of the mutations are expressed at the protein level, which is useful information for scientists.
The last stage is to input all of the information into laboratory software, which will eventually create the vaccine. The third portion of the tumour is used for research.
The vaccination strengthens the tumor-affected immune cells. This is the next major step forward after the completion of the Human Genome Project. DNA testing is becoming more popular!
When they market it, it will be nothing short of a miracle!
Now, let’s move on to the next kind of game-changing technology:
The positions in this category are very unexpected. These two technical advancements have the potential to alter people’s lives in many parts of the world. And save a lot of other people’s lives!
In the future, the definition of ‘clean’ will be drastically different!
Nuclear Fission Advances
Nuclear reactors of generation IV, in particular.
By 2040, it is projected that global electricity needs would have increased by almost 50%. Humanity will need new sources of energy.
Nuclear reactors of Generation IV are one of humanity’s long-awaited technical achievements. Nuclear energy is non-polluting and does not emit carbon dioxide into the environment. Furthermore, it is not dependent on weather conditions and is not susceptible to supply problems.
With generation IV reactors, as many as ten nations have taken the leap, and more are on their way. The new design is being researched and developed by all nations in the generation IV international forum.
The goal is to decrease the amount of radioactivity in garbage.